Défénitions

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VEGANISM

Veganism is the veganes way of life. Veganism is also defined as a struggle for social justice for animal liberation. Animals are oppressed and vegans campaign against their oppression.

A vegan person aims to exclude, as far as possible, all forms of exploitation and cruelty towards animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. She has a plant-based diet avoiding all foods of animal origin (mammals, fish, crustaceans, insects), or their secretions (dairy products, eggs,  honey). It also does not use materials of animal origin (wool, silk, bee wax, bone, ivory, horns), products tested on animals and does not participate in activities that involve the use of animals for recreation or entertainment (zoo, circus, aquarium, bullfight, hunting, photo with wild animal, etc.).

Medication :

Living in a world that is not vegan, it is virtually impossible to have drugs that have not been tested on animals. I do not recommend that you avoid the medications that have been prescribed by your doctor. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist to provide you, if possible, with medicines which have not been tested on animals and which do not contain products of animal origin such as gelatin or lactose.

SPECISM

Speciesism is (unfair) discrimination based on species membership, just as racism is based on "race" and sexism on gender. For example: exploiting and using non-human animals by human animals in a way that would not be considered acceptable if they were human animals. Or, consider animals of certain species as members of the family that take good care of  while depriving of freedom and mistreating those of other species (eg: dog, pig).

ANIMALISM

Animalism is a current of ethics which is based on advances in ethology (scientific study of the behavior of animal species, including humans) and which defends the rights of animals. This current maintains that nonhuman animals are sentient beings capable of suffering, and therefore worthy of moral consideration on the part of human beings. Animalism challenges the confusion between moral "agency" and "patience": just because an animal is not a moral agent (The moral agent is one whose actions can be evaluated in terms of good and bad, characterized as good or bad), does not mean that it has no rights, that he is not a moral patient and that moral agents (The moral patient is one whose actions to which he undergoes from a moral agent may also be subject to moral evaluation and characterized as good or bad) are exempt from duties towards him.

COGNITIVE DISSONANCE

Cognitive dissonance is the internal tension inherent in a person's system of thoughts, beliefs, emotions and attitudes (cognitions) when some of them contradict each other. The term also indicates the tension that a person feels when a behavior contradicts his ideas or beliefs.

When circumstances cause a person to act in disagreement with their beliefs, that person experiences an uncomfortable state of tension called dissonance. To reduce this tension, the person, for example, changes their beliefs in the sense of action.

As surprising as it may seem, when we are led to act contrary to our convictions, we tend to justify our actions and adapt our opinions to our behavior rather than changing.

COGNITION

Cognition is the set of mental processes that relate to the function of knowledge and involve memory, language, reasoning, learning, intelligence, problem solving, decision making, perception or attention.